1. Sample Text 1

Armed police have been brought into NSW schools to reduce crime rates and educate students. The 40 School Liaison Police (SLP) officers have been allocated to public and private high schools across the state. Organizers say the officers, who began work last week, will build positive relationships between police and students. But parent groups warned of potential dangers of armed police working at schools in communities where police relations were already under strain.

Among their duties, the SLPs will conduct crime prevention workshops, talking to students about issues including shoplifting, offensive behaviour, graffiti and drugs and alcohol. They can also advise school principals. One SLP, Constable Ben Purvis, begantowork in the inner Sydney region last week, including at Alexandria Park Community School’s senior campus. Previously stationed as a crime prevention officer at The Rocks, he now has 27 schools under his jurisdiction in areas including The Rocks, Redfern and Kings Cross. Constable Purvis said the full-time position would see him working on the broader issues of crime prevention. “I am not a security guard,” he said. “I am not there to patrol the school. We want to improve relationships between police and schoolchildren, to have positive interaction. We are coming to the school and giving them knowledge to improve their own safety.”

The use of fake ID among older students is among the issues he has already discussed with principals. Parents’ groups responded to the program positively, but said it may spark a range of community reactions.  “It is a good thing and an innovative idea and there could be some positive benefits,” Council of Catholic School Parents executive officer Danielle Cronin said. “Different communities will respond to this kind of presence in different ways.”


Sample Answer

School liaison police have been brought into NSW schools to reduce crime rates and improve students’ safety by conducting workshops and some people believe it a good thing while others not.



2. Sample Text 2

The taxi industry has a long history of being an early adopter of new technologies. Cab charge, which was first established as a financial services provider for the taxi industry in 1976, has its credit facilities located in around 97% of Australian taxis. A number of other card payments systems have now entered the market for this service. In-car terminals are an efficient way to process taxi fares electronically and provide users with a receipt that can be used for accounting purposes and tracking lost property. The technology has also been adopted in Singapore and the UK.

All taxi networks in Sydney use a taxi dispatch system designed by a Melbourne-based company, MTDATA. The system manages the taking and dispatch of taxi bookings as well as allowing call centers to precisely track a taxi’s location and speed using GPS systems installed in each car. The dispatch systems facilitate networks to send bookings to other networks to ensure that passengers are serviced quickly and efficiently. The company, which was founded in 2003, now has operations in six countries including New Zealand and the Middle East.


3. Sample Text 3

We are bombarded by many advertisements every day. Vendors try all means and ways to gain our attention and sell us their products or services. Advertisements appear everywhere; on television programs, radios, in the papers, magazines, pamphlets and so on.

Advertisements are actually very useful though we sometimes feel annoyed when they interrupt our favorite television programs. They provide us with free information on the products and services. There are two types of advertisements. The informative advertisements are the ones which provide us with the details of the products or services. This information is especially useful if the product or service is new. For instance, when we need to buy a computer, advertisements describing the latest models and their different functions would be extremely helpful. However, only a minority of the advertisements are informative ones. Many of them belong to the second category — the persuasive kind. These advertisements not only tell us more about the products, at the same time, they persuade customers to buy them by claiming that their products are superior to the rivalry ones. These claims may sometimes be untrue.

Besides being informative and persuasive, advertisements also help to subsidize the prices of magazines and newspapers. Our newspapers are sold at a low price of about one dollar, owing to the advertisements in the papers; otherwise, the price would have been higher. While advertisements can be good helpers for shopping, they do have their shortcomings. Most advertisements aim to sell only. Faults of the products or services are usually hidden from the consumers. Hence, sometimes, we feel deceived if the product or service we bought does not turn out the way the advertisements claim to be.



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