1. Sample Text 1

Before video cameras were widely used, home and business owners had to rely only on written reports and photos as a way to document their valuables for insurance purposes. This form of documentation was difficult for some insurance policy holders. They found it was easy to lose lists, forget to add new items they purchased, or delete items they no longer had. As a result these insurance inventories were often inaccurate.

While video taping is not an option for every home or business owner, this kind of insurance documentation is helpful for some.

Q. How are these passages related?

A. They present a problem and a solution.
B. They contradict one another.
C. They compare two forms of written documentation.
D. They repeat the same idea.

Show Answer

 A. They present a problem and a solution.


2. Sample Text 2

French physicist Charles Fabry found ozone gas in the atmosphere in 1913. At room temperature, ozone is a colorless gas; it condenses to a dark blue liquid at -170 F. At temperatures above the boiling point of water, 212 F, it decomposes.

Ozone is all around us. After a thunderstorm, or around electrical equipment, ozone is often detected as a sharp odor. Ozone is used as a strong oxidizing agent, a bleaching agent, and to sterilize drinking water. This gas is also highly reactive. For example, rubber insulation around a carʹs spark plug wires will need to be replaced eventually, due to the small amounts of ozone produced when electricity flows from the engine to the plug.

Q. This passage implies that:

A. Ozone is the result of pollution.
B. High ozone levels in the atmosphere will cause large numbers of people to buy new car batteries.
C. Ozone has no practical uses.
D. Ozone is a natural part of the Earthʹs atmosphere.

Show Answer

D. Ozone is a natural part of the Earthʹs atmosphere.


3. Sample Text 3

For many years, the continent of Africa remained unexplored and hence unknown. The main reason was the inaccessibility to its interior region due to the dense forests, wild life, savage tribal, deserts and barren solid hills. Many people tried to explore the land but could not survive the dangers. David Livingston is among those brave few who not only explored part of Africa but also lived among the tribals bringing them near to social milieu. While others explored with the idea of expanding their respective empires. Livingstone did so to explore its vast and mysterious hinterland, rivers and lakes. He was primarily a religious man and a medical practitioner who tried to help mankind with it.

Livingstone was born in Scotland and was educated to become doctor and a priest. His exploration started at the beginning of the year 1852. He explored an unknown river in the west Luanda. However he was reduced to a skeleton during four years of travelling. By this time, he had become famous and when he returned to England for convalescing, entire London, along with Queen Victoria the, turned to welcome him. After few days he returned to Africa.

He discovered the origin of the river Nile in 1866. He again suffered many discomforts. He became too sick and could not even walk. He lost contact with rest of the world and grew anxious to know his whereabouts. Ultimately, it was Stanley, the American journalist, who founded him after many efforts, but Livingstone had died in a tribal village in 1873. His body was brought to London and buried in Westminster with full honour.

Q. In what way were Livingstones explorations efforts differ from others?

A. Livingstone’s exploration was restricted only to unknown rivers whereas others explored dense forests.
B. Others explored with selfish motives; Livingstone explored to know the mysterious parts of the world.
C. Others explored new parts of the world for wealth, but Livingstone did so for religious purpose.
D. Being a medical practitioner, he tried to explore medicines; others did so for tribal population.

Show Answer

B. Others explored with selfish motives; Livingstone explored to know the mysterious parts of the world.



EXERCISE-2                                                                                                                                                        EXERCISE-4